the three doshas


Doshas are biological humors that structure systems and govern the psycho-physiological functions of every individual. Each dosha is a combination of two elements. At the moment of conception a person receives a unique combination of these doshas from their parents, known as Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. This combination exists in every cell of a person’s body and creates their constitutional nature (prakriti). As a person grows and develops their amount of Vata, Pitta, Kapha their system will also be affected by their diet, environment, emotions and lifestyle.


The principle of kinetic energy in the body. It mainly influences the nervous system and controls all body movement. Elementally, this dosha relates to the way air and space interact in the body/mind.

Controls the body’s balance of kinetic and potential energy. It influences all processes of digestion and transformation through its activity in the metabolic and endocrine systems. Elementally, this dosha relates to how fire acts in the body mind.


The principle of potential energy and controls lubrication and stability. It mainly pertains to the tissues and wastes (which Vata ‘moves’ around). Elementally, this dosha relates to the way water and earth interact in the body/mind.

Ayurveda classifies each person’s psycho-physical constitution in terms of the doshas. The biological implications of the doshas are horizontal in nature and do not imply anything about the spiritual evolution of an individual. Whether Vata, Kapha, or Pitta one may be a saint or a sinner.